COSTA RICA-PANAMA EXPEDITION
Illegal fishing is a major cause of the decline of shark populations worldwide. “Protected” marine areas are threatened daily by commercial fisheries operating without proper management plans and marine spatial planning, which promotes indiscriminate extractions.
As fisheries resources reach exhaustion, the commercial fleet invades National Parks, World Heritage Sites, and Reserves, extracting resources that should be protected, as they are the biomass suppliers of commercial fishing stocks outside these areas.
Illegal actions, overfishing and the lack of resources inside these areas, where this and other activities are forbidden, threaten a lot of marine habitats and species.
In Costa Rica, it is legal to fish sharks and to fin them once on the dock. This economic and cultural practice is affecting species, such as scalloped hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna lewini) and silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis), which are included in classifications as in Danger and near Threatened:
Scalloped Hammerhead shark: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39385/0
Silky shark: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39370/0
We must develop conservation projects, increase environmental awareness and fight against external threats that affect the survival of many species.
The oceans of the world are where the greater conservation actions are yet to be implemented.
Some places require immediate protection measures.
For most people, these places in the oceans are remote and rarely visited, which is why what happens there on a daily basis is often basically “invisible”.
This creates an important problem, which results in a low understanding of how important oceans really are and a lack of urgency and drive required to protect them.
That’s why initiatives such as NAKAWE PROJECT are born; to seek, identify problems and present solutions.
Cocos Island is an island designated as a National Park off the shore of Costa Rica, that does not allow inhabitants other than Costa Rican Park Rangers. It constitutes the 11th of the 13 districts of Puntarenas Canton of the province of Puntarenas. Wikipedia
Max length: 7.6 km